The only certainty in hard-to-predict Group C of the Africa Cup of Nations (Afcon) before the opening fixtures on Monday is that Morocco coach Herve Renard will wear the same white shirt on match days.
He wore one for every match in 2012 when outsiders Zambia shredded the form book to win the premier African national team football competition for the first and only time so far.
The 48-year-old Frenchman repeated the act two years ago when he transformed perennial underachievers Ivory Coast into continental champions.
Renard is the only coach to win the competition with different countries and success for him in Gabon would equal the three-title record shared by Ghanaian Charles Gyamfi and Egyptian Hassan Shehata.
Morocco, whose lone African success came 41 years ago, and two-time champions Ivory Coast are in Group C, based in the northern Gabonese town of Oyem.
The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), third at the last Afcon, and dangerous outsiders Togo complete the line-up in arguably the toughest of the four first-round mini-leagues.
On Monday, the pursuit of quarterfinal places begins with a double-header featuring the Ivory Coast against Togo and the DRC against Morocco at a 20 000-seat stadium built for the tournament.
Moroccan officials set the bar high for Renard when he signed up early last year, demanding at least a last-four finish in the Cup of Nations and qualification for the 2018 World Cup.
Blonde and bronzed, Renard is not looking beyond a top-two Group C finish for now and a ticket to the knockout phase.
“I think qualification for the quarterfinals is our minimum objective. We have prepared well and will be ready for the Congolese,” said the one-time Paris rubbish collector.
Congolese Florent Ibenge, one of four African coaches among the 16 at the tournament, was not giving much away either.
“This will be a very tough group to qualify from,” he predicted. “All the teams are good and I am expecting tight matches.”
Injuries that ruled out four players, including star playmaker Younes Belhanda, have posed the biggest pre-tournament problem for Renard.
For Ibenge, there was the frustration of seeing a long-standing African football sore point: match bonuses make an untimely reappearance two days before tackling Morocco.
The squad refused to train with captain Yousef Mulumbu saying: “It has been the same for years. We prepare well and then there is a problem over bonuses.”
The DRC won all six competitive matches last year and no team will relish trying to tame a Leopards attack boasting Cedric Bakumbu and Jonathan Bolingi.
Former Guinea and Benin handler Michel Dussuyer succeeded compatriot Renard at Ivory Coast and recent results have been encouraging.
The Toure brothers, centre-back Kolo and midfielder Yaya, have retired and attacking speedster Gervinho is injured.
A bonus is luring Crystal Palace flier Wilfried Zaha from the England fold. He made a quick difference, creating the winner against Sweden and scoring against Uganda in warm-ups.
“The objective is to retain the title so proudly won two years ago,” says Dussuyer. “It will not be easy as there are some great teams in Gabon.”
While Togo are ranked far below their top-10 rivals, Dussuyer does not see them as any less of a threat, especially with legendary coach Claude le Roy in charge.
The wily Frenchman has been to eight previous Afcon tournaments with five countries and failed only once to reach the knockout stage.
Togo are captained by clubless former English Premier League striker Emmanuel Adebayor, who may be in the twilight of his career but remains a clinical finisher. – AFP